Chapter 113 – Sewers and Drainage

Chapter 113–Sewers and Drainage


113.010     (ORD # 05-04) Definitions.  Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used in this Chapter shall be as follows:

  1. BOD (denoting biochemical oxygen demand). The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five (5) days at twenty (20) degrees centigrade, expressed in milligrams per liter.
  2. Building sewer. The part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system which receives wastewater and other waste from sanitary drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer, beginning five (5)feet (1.5meters) outside the inner face of the building wall.


  1. Service lateral. The extension from the building sewer to the public sewer or other place of disposal.


  1. Combined sewer. A sewer receiving both surface runoff and sewage.


  1. Solid waste from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking, and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage, and sale of produce.
  2. Industrial wastes. The liquid wastes from industrial manufacturing processes, trade, or business as distinct from sanitary sewage.


  1. Natural outlet. Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground waters.


  1. Any individual, firm, company, association, society, corporation, or group.


  1. The logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.


  1. Properly shredded garbage. The wastes from the preparation, cooking, and dispensing of foods that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half (1/2) inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.


  1. Public sewer. A sewer in which all owners of abutting properties have equal rights, and are controlled by public authority.


  1. Sanitary sewer. A sewer which carries sewage and to which storm, surface, and ground water are not intentionally admitted.


  1. A combination of the water- carried wastes from residences, business buildings, institutions, and industrial establishments, together with such ground, surface, and storm waters as may be present.


  1. Sewage treatment plant. Any arrangement of devices and structures used for treating sewage.


  1. A pipe or conduit for carrying sewage.


  1. Shall is mandatory; May is permissive.


  1. Any discharge of water, sewage, or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or if quantity of flow exceeds for any period or duration longer than fifteen (15) minutes more than five (5) times the average twenty-four hour concentration or flows during normal operation.


  1. Storm drain (sometimes termed storm sewer. A sewer which carries storm and surface water and drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes, other than unpolluted cooling water.
  2. The superintendent of sewage works and/or of water pollution control of the City of Holden, or his authorized deputy, agent or representative.


  1. Suspended solids. Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in water, sewage, or other liquids, and which are removable by laboratory filtering.


  1. A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.


113.015     Use of public sewer required.  It shall be unlawful for any person to place, deposit, or permit to be deposited in any unsanitary manner on public or private property within the City of Holden, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the City, any human or animal excrement, garbage, or other objectionable waste.


113.020     Discharge of polluted waste prohibited.  It shall be unlawful to discharge to any natural outlet within the City of Holden, or in any area under the jurisdiction of the City, any sewage or other polluted wastes, except where suitable treatment has been provided in accordance with subsequent provisions of this Chapter.


113.025     Construction of septic tanks, etc., unlawful; connection to public sewer required.


  1. Except as hereinafter provided, it shall be unlawful to construct or maintain any privy, privy vault, septic tank, cesspool, or other facility intended or used for the disposal of sewage.


  1. The owner of all houses, buildings, or properties used for human occupancy, employment, recreation, or other purposes, situated within the City and abutting on any street, alley, or right-of-way in which there is now located or may in the future be located a public sanitary or combined sewer of the City, is hereby required at his expense to install suitable toilet facilities therein, and to connect such facilities directly with the proper public sewer in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter within ninety (90) days after date of official notice to do so, provided that said public sewer is within one hundred (100) feet of the property line.



113.030     (ORD #05-04) Private sewage disposal.  Where a public sanitary sewer is not available under the provisions of Section 113.025 the service lateral shall be connected to a private sewage disposal system complying with the provisions of this Chapter.


113.035     (ORD #05-04) Permit required; fee.  Before commencement of construction of a private sewage disposal system the owner shall first obtain a written permit signed by the superintendent.  The application for such permit shall be made on specifications, and other information as are deemed necessary by the superintendent and shall conform with the rules and regulations of this state, county, and city.  A permit and inspection fee of fifteen dollars ($15.00) shall be paid to the City at the time the application is filed.


113.040     Inspection of installation to be made before covering.  A permit for a private sewage disposal system shall not become effective until the installation is completed to the satisfaction of the superintendent.  He shall be allowed to inspect the work at any stage of construction and, in any event, the applicant for the permit shall notify the superintendent when the work is ready for final inspection, and before any underground portions are covered.  The inspection shall be made within forty-eight (48) hours of the receipt of notice by the superintendent.


113.045     (ORD# 05-04)     Installation shall comply with recommendations.  The type, capacities, location and layout of a private sewage disposal system shall comply with all rules, regulations, and recommendations of the Missouri

Department of Natural Resources. No permit shall be issued for any private sewage disposal system employing subsurface soil absorption facilities where the area of the lot is less than three (3) acres. No septic tank or cesspool shall be permitted to discharge to any natural outlet.


113.050     (ORD# 05-04) Connection required upon availability of sewer.  At such time as a public sewer becomes available to a property served by a private sewage disposal system, as provided in Section 113.030, a direct connection shall be made to the public sewer in compliance with this Chapter.


113.055     Sanitary maintenance of private sewage facilities by owner.  The owner shall operate and maintain the private sewage disposal facilities in a sanitary manner at all times, at no expense to the City.


113.060     Statements not to interfere with additional requirements.  No statement contained in this Chapter shall be construed to interfere with any additional requirements that may be imposed by the health officer.


113.065     (ORD# 05-04) Closing of private disposal system.  When a public sewer becomes available, the service lateral shall be connected to said sewer within sixty (60) days and the private sewage disposal system shall be cleaned of sludge and filled with clean bank-run gravel or dirt.


113.070     (ORD # 05-04) Permit required for sewer service laterals and connections.  No unauthorized person shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written permit from the superintendent.







113.075     (ORD # 05-04) Classes of service lateral permits; fees, There shall be two (2) classes of service lateral:


  1. For residential service; and
  2. For service to commercial or industrial establishments.


In either case, the owner or his agent shall make application on a special form furnished by the City.  The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications, or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the superintendent.  A permit and inspection fee of fifteen dollars ($15.00) for a residential service lateral permit and thirty dollars ($30.00) for an industrial or commercial service lateral permit shall be paid to the City at the time the application is filed.

113.080     (ORD# 05-04) Installation and connection costs to be borne by owner.  All costs and expenses incident to the installation, connection, and maintenance of the service lateral shall be borne by the owner.  The owner shall indemnify the City from any loss or damage that may directly or indirectly be occasioned by the installation, use, and/or maintenance of the service lateral.


113.085     (ORD #3 05-04) Separate sewer for each building; exception.  A separate and independent service lateral shall be provided for every building; except where one building stands at the rear of another on an interior lot and no private sewer is available or can be constructed to the rear building through an adjoining alley, court, yard, driveway, the service lateral from the front building may be extended to the rear building and the whole considered as one service lateral.


113.090     (ORD # 05-04) Requirements for old service laterals.  Old service lateral may be used in connection with new buildings only when they are found, on examination and test by the superintendent, to meet all requirements of this Chapter.


113.095     (ORD # 05-04) Construction of sewer to conform to building and plumbing codes.  The size, slope, alignment, material of construction of a service lateral, and the methods to be used in excavating, placing of the pipe, jointing, testing, and backfilling the trench, shall all conform to the requirements of the building and plumbing code or other applicable rules and regulations of the City.  In the absence of code provisions or in application thereof, the material and procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the A.S.T.M. and W.E.F. Manual of Practice No. 9 shall apply.


113.100     (ORD# 05-04) Elevation of service lateral.  Whenever possible, the service lateral shall be brought to the building at an elevation below the basement floor.  In all buildings in which any building sewer is too low to permit gravity flow to the public sewer, sanitary sewage carried by such building sewer shall be lifted by an approved means and discharged to the service lateral.


113.105     (ORD# 05-04) Surface runoff and groundwater prohibited from draining into sanitary sewer.  No person shall make connection of roof downspouts, exterior foundation drains, areaway drains, or other sources of surface runoff or groundwater to a service lateral, or service lateral, which in turn is connected directly or indirectly to a public sanitary sewer.




113.110     (ORD #05-04) Standards for connection into public sewer.  The connection of the service lateral into the public sewer shall conform to the requirements of the building and plumbing code or other applicable rules and regulations of the City, or the procedures set forth in appropriate specifications of the A.S.T.M. and the W.E.F.Manual of Practice No. 9.  All such connections shall be made gastight and watertight.  Service lateral shall be no less than four (4) inches in diameter and shall be of schedule 40 PVC or ABS plastic pipe.  The service laterals shall be laid at aright angel from the main to the building and there shall be a clean-out adjacent to the building on the outside of the foundation.  If the service lateral is to be greater than on hundred (100) feet in length, there shall be an additional clean-out at each one hundred (100) foot interval.  Connection to the main shall be made with a machine cut hole and shall be through a tapping saddle or wye connection approved by the superintendent.  Any deviation from the prescribed procedures and materials must be approved by the superintendent before installation.


113.115     (ORD # 05-04) Connection to be made under supervision of superintendent.  The applicant for the service lateral permit shall notify the superintendent when the service lateral is ready for inspection and connection to the public sewer.  The connection shall be made under the supervision of the superintendent or his representative.


113.120     (ORD # 05-04) Excavations to be guarded and restored. All excavations for service lateral installations shall be adequately guarded with barricades and lights so as to protect the public from hazard.  Streets, sidewalks, parkways and other public property disturbed in the course of the work shall be restored in a manner satisfactory to the City.


113.125     Waters prohibited from being discharged into sanitary sewer.  No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any storm water, surface water, groundwater, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, including interior and exterior foundation drains, uncontaminated cooling water, or unpolluted industrial process waters to any sanitary sewer.


113.130     Discharge into storm sewers.  Storm water and all other unpolluted drainage shall be discharged to such sewers as are specifically designated as combined or storm sewers, or to a natural outlet approved by the superintendent. Industrial cooling water or unpolluted process waters may be discharged, on approval of the superintendent to a storm sewer, combined sewer or natural outlet.


113.135     Substances prohibited from all public sewers.  No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged any of the following described waters or wastes into any public sewers:


  1. Any gasoline, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil, or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid, or gas.


  1. Any waters or wastes containing toxic or poisonous solids, liquids, or gases in sufficient quantity, either singly or by interaction with other wastes, to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process, constitute a hazard to humans or animals, create a public nuisance, or create any hazard in the receiving waters of the sewage treatment plant including but not limited to cyanides in excess of two (2) mg/1 as CN in the wastes as discharged to the public sewer.



  1. Any waters or wastes having a pH lower than five and fivetenths (5.5), or having any other corrosive property capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment, and personnel of the sewage works.


  1. Solid or viscous substances in quantities or of such size capable of causing obstruction to the flow in sewers, or other interference with the proper operation of the sewage works such as, but not limited to, ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, woods, unground garbage, whole blood, paunch manure, hair and fleshings, entrails and paper dishes, cups, milk containers, etc., either whole or ground by garbage grinders.


  1. Any waters or wastes having:


  1. A five-day BOD greater than three hundred (300) parts per million by weight, or


  1. Containing more than three hundred fifty (350) parts per million by weight of suspended solids, or


  1. Having an average daily flow greater than two (2) percent of the average sewage flow of the City, shall be subject to the review of the superintendent.
  1. Where necessary in the opinion of the superintendent, the owner shall provide at his expense, such preliminary treatment as may be necessary to:


  1. Reduce biochemical oxygen demand to three hundred (300) parts per million by weight, or


  1. Reduce the suspended solids to three hundred fifty (350) parts per million by weight, or


  1. Control the quantities and rates of discharge of such waters or wastes.


  1. Plans, specifications, and any other pertinent information relating to proposed preliminary treatment facilities shall be submitted for the approval of the superintendent and no construction of such facilities shall be commenced until said approvals are obtained in writing.


113.140     Additional prohibited substances.  No person shall discharge or cause to be discharged the following described substances, materials, waters, or wastes if it appears likely in the opinion of the superintendent that such wastes can harm either the sewers, sewage treatment process, or equipment, having an adverse effect on the receiving stream, or can otherwise endanger life, limb, public property, or constitute a nuisance.  In forming his opinion as to the acceptability of these wastes, the superintendent will give consideration to such facts as the quantities of subject wastes in relation to flows and velocities in the sewers, materials of construction of the sewers, nature of the sewage treatment process, capacity of the sewage treatment plant, degree of treatability of wastes in the sewage treatment plant, and other pertinent factors.  The substances prohibited are:




  1. Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than one hundred fifty (150) degrees Fahrenheit (sixty-five [65] degrees centigrade).


  1. Any water or waste containing fats, wax, grease, or oils, whether emulsified or not, in excess of one hundred (100) mg/1 or containing substances which may solidify or become viscous at temperatures between thirtytwo (32) and one hundred fifty (150) degrees Fahrenheit (zero and sixty-five [65] degrees centigrade).


  1. Any garbage that has not been properly shredded. The installation and operation of any garbage grinder equipped with a motor of three-fourths (3/4) horsepower, (0.76 hp metric) or greater shall be subject to the review and approval of the superintendent.


  1. Any waters or wastes containing strong acid iron pickling wastes, or concentrated plating solutions whether neutralized or not.


  1. Any waters or wastes containing iron, chromium, copper, zinc, and similar objectionable or toxic substances; or wastes exerting an excessive chlorine requirement, to such degree that any such material received in the composite sewage at the sewage treatment works exceeds the limits established by the superintendent for such materials.


  1. Any waters or wastes containing phenols or other taste or odor-producing substances, in such concentrations exceeding limits which may be established by the superintendent as necessary, after treatment of the composite sewage, to meet the requirements of the state, federal or other public agencies of jurisdiction for such discharge to the receiving waters.


  1. Any radioactive wastes or isotopes of such half-life or concentration as may exceed limits established by the superintendent in compliance with applicable state or federal regulations.


  1. Any waters or wastes having a pH in excess of nine and fivetenths (9.5).


  1. Materials which exert or cause:


  1. Unusual concentrations of inert, suspended solids (such as, but not limited to, Fuller’s earth, lime slurries, and lime residues) or of dissolved solids (such as, but not limited to, sodium chloride and sodium sulfate.)


  1. Excessive discoloration (such as, but not limited to, dye wastes and vegetable tanning solutions).


  1. Unusual BOD, biochemical oxygen demand, or chlorine requirements in such quantities as to constitute a significant load on the sewage treatment works.


  1. Unusual volume of flow or concentration of waters constituting “slugs” as defined herein.






  1. Waters or wastes containing substances which are not amenable to treatment or reduction by the sewage treatment processes employed, or are amendable to treatment only to such degree that the sewage treatment plant effluent cannot meet the requirements of other agencies having jurisdiction over discharge to the receiving waters.


113.145     Remedies for prohibited discharges into sewers.

  1. If any waters or wastes are discharged, or are proposed to be discharged to the public sewers, which waters contain the substances or possess the characteristics enumerated in Sections 113.135 and 113.140 of this Chapter and which in the judgment of the superintendent may have a deleterious effect upon the sewage works, processes, equipment, or receiving waters, or which otherwise create a hazard to life or constitute a public nuisance the superintendent may:


  1. Reject the wastes;


  1. Require pretreatment to an acceptable condition for discharge to the public sewers;


  1. Require control over the quantities and rates of discharge; and/or


  1. Require payment to cover the added costs of handling and treating wastes not covered by existing taxes or sewer charges under the provisions of Section 113.145 (2) of this Chapter.


  1. Terminate all utility services as provided in Section 110.110.


  1. If the superintendent permits the pretreatment or equalization of waste flows, the design and installation of the plants and equipment shall be subject to the review and approval of the superintendent, and subject to the requirements of all applicable codes, ordinances, and laws.


113.150     Interceptors; specifications.  Grease, oil, and sand interceptors shall be provided when in the opinion of the superintendent they are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amounts, or any flammable wastes, sand, or other harmful ingredients; except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters or dwelling units.  All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the superintendent and shall be located as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection.


113.155     Maintenance requirements for preliminary treatment facilities.  Where preliminary treatment or flow-equalizing facilities are provided for any waters or wastes, they shall be maintained continuously in satisfactory and effective operation by the owner at his expense.


113.160     (ORD# 05-04) Requirements for manhole; and meters, etc. When required by the superintendent, the owner of any property serviced by a service lateral carrying industrial wastes shall install a suitable control manhole together with such necessary meters and other appurtenances in the service lateral to facilitate observation, sampling, and measurement of the


wastes.  Such manhole, when required, shall be accessibly and safely located, and shall be constructed in accordance with plans approved by the superintendent.  The manhole shall be installed by the owner at his expense, and shall be maintained by him so as to be safe and accessible at all times.


113.165     (ORD # 05-04) Standards for analyses; sampling techniques.  All measurements, tests, and analyses of the characteristics of water and wastes to which reference is made in this Chapter shall be determined in accordance with the latest edition of “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater”, published by the American Public Health Association, and shall be determined at the control manhole provided, or upon suitable samples taken at said control manhole.  In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the service lateral is connected.  Sampling shall be carried out by customarily accepted methods to reflect the effect of constituents upon the sewage works and to determine the existence of hazards of life, limb, and property.  (The particular analyses involved will determine whether a twenty-four-hour composite of all outfalls of a premises is appropriate or whether a grab sample or samples should be taken. Normally, but not always, BOD and suspended solids analyses are obtained from twenty-fourhour composites of all outfalls whereas pHs are determined from periodic grab samples.)

113.170     Agreements between city and industry concerning acceptance of unusual wastes.  No statement contained in this Chapter shall be construed as preventing any special agreement or arrangement between the City and any industrial concern whereby an industrial waste of unusual strength or character may be accepted by the City for treatment, subject to payment therefore, by the industrial concern.


113.175     Destruction or damage to system a violation.  No unauthorized person shall maliciously, willfully, or negligently break, damage, destroy, uncover, deface, or tamper with any structure, appurtenance, or equipment which is a part of any sewage works.  Any person violating this provision shall be subject to immediate arrest under charge of disorderly conduct.


113.180     Powers and authority of inspectors.  The superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all properties for the purposes of inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, and testing in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter.  The superintendent or his representatives shall have no authority to inquire into any processes including metallurgical, chemical, oil, refining, ceramic, paper, or other industries beyond that point having direct bearing on the kind and source of discharge to the sewers or waterways or facilities for waste treatment.


113.185     City employees to observe safety rules.

While performing the necessary work on private properties referred to in

Section 113.190, the superintendent or duly authorized employees of the City shall observe all safety rules applicable to the premises established by the owner and the owner shall be held harmless for injury or death to the City employees and the City shall indemnify the owner against loss or damage to its property by City employees and against liability claims and demands for personal injury or

property damage asserted against the owner and growing out of the gauging and sampling operation, except as such may be caused by negligence or failure of the owner to maintain safe conditions.


113.190     Easement permitting entry for inspection, etc.  The superintendent and other duly authorized employees of the City bearing proper credentials and identification shall be permitted to enter all private properties through which the City holds a duly negotiated easement for the purpose of, but not limited to, inspection, observation, measurement, sampling, repair, and maintenance of any portion of the sewer works lying within said easement.  All entry and subsequent work, if any, on said easement shall be done in full accordance with the terms of the duly negotiated easement pertaining to the private property involved.

113.195.    Liability.  Any person violating any of the provisions of this Chapter shall become liable to the City for any expense, loss, or damage occasioned the City by reason of such violation.